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Saturday, July 08, 2006

Diet Requirements for Cancer

Achieve and maintain a healthy weightObesity is associated with a marked increase in colorectal cancer, and some hormone-dependent cancers, such as breast and endometrial cancers.
Eat more fruit and vegetablesAt least five portions of fruit and veg a day can reduce the risk of many different types of cancer. The exact reason for this is unknown, but it may be related to their fibre content, vitamins and minerals, other plant chemicals such as flavonoids, or the combination of all these nutrients. Vitamin and mineral supplements may be a useful addition to the diet for some people, but they aren't a substitute for fresh fruits and vegetables.
Eat more fibreOn average, most people need to eat about 50 per cent more fibre than they currently do to meet the recommended intake of 18g per day. Fibre is important to increase stool weight, which enables waste to pass easily from the body. Cancer of the large bowel is the second most prevalent cancer in the UK, affecting one in eight people. By increasing stool weight by 25 per cent, the incidence of this disease could be reduced by up to 15 per cent in Britain.
Eat less fatA high-fat diet is linked to an increased risk of colorectal cancer. (See the advice on fat intake in the cardiovascular section).
Drink alcohol in moderationExcessive intake of alcohol has been linked with an increased risk of cancer of the mouth, liver and throat. Limit your intake to no more than two to three units a day and try to have two or three alcohol free days each week..
Anti-cancer dietsThere are a range of so called anti-cancer diets which claim to prevent or even cure cancer. Often these diets recommend excluding whole groups of foods and are not supported by scientific evidence. Before considering following any diet which claims to prevent or cure disease consult your GP or a Regsitered Dietitian.


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